A common misconception about the field of science is that only highly trained professionals can engage in research and data analysis. But in fact, with the right guides, citizen scientists can be an incredible asset to the scientific community.
(1)Citizen science, though it may initially sound like a contradiction, is the collaboration of everyday citizens and trained scientists to advance scientific knowledge. Citizen scientists can help the scientific community in many ways. The most common method is through data collection, but there are also opportunities for citizen scientists to engage in data analysis or even the development of research studies.
For scientists who don’t have the time or access to do research the way they want to, citizen scientists are stepping in to fill the gap. (2)Citizen science doesn’t have to involve committing large quantities of time to being part of a research team. It can be as simple as taking pictures over time to help scientists gauge habitat changes. That method has been used around the world, and its simplicity makes it easier for citizens to participate in the data collection.
Words have more power than anyone can guess; it is by words that the world’s great fight, now in these civilized times, is carried on; I never hesitated to use them, when I fought any battle for the miserable and oppressed.
Birds are making decisions all the time. Nest building, for example, is instinctive: (1)a one-year-old bird with no instruction can choose materials and build a complicated nest that looks and works like every other nest of its species. Amazing. But that bird can also change its approach to nest building depending on the local conditions, using different materials, building a nest more quickly, adding more shielding in cold weather, and more. And (2)the decision of exactly where and when to build a nest is based on a multifactored decision-making process.
京都府立大学の和訳（後期・文学部 欧米言語文化学科） 直近１０か年
Rights and duties should not be seen as in opposition. The question for societies should rather be: ‘Is there a correct balance of emphasis between rights and duties, such that rights are sustained and enjoyed, but duties are also emphasized and accepted?’ While this is a complex and difficult question, societal health depends upon its correct determination.
We all want to know what other people are reading. We peer at strangers’ book covers on an airplane and lean over their e-books on the subway. We narrow our eyes at the iPhone of the person standing in front of us in the elevator. Asking someone what she’s read lately is an easy conversational topic ― and the answer is almost bound to be more interesting than the weather. It also serves an actual purpose: we may find out about something we want to read ourselves.